Mateo Flecha (1481-1553) started in the service of the court of the Duke of Calabria. He became best known for his ensaladas. The majority of his works can be found in the Cancionero del Duque de Calabria (Venice, 1556). Later he was connected with the chapel of the daughters of the Emperor Felipe II (1527-1611). His ensaladas have come down to us though their publication in Prague in 1581 by his nephew, Mateo Flecha el Joven, also a musician.